Sexual dysfunction SD is one of the important problems in diabetic patients. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of sexual problems in Iranian women with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
A cross-sectional study was conducted among type 2 diabetic women who visited two outpatient endocrine clinics, namely Imam Hospital and Tuba clinic Sari, Iran in Patients were asked to complete two validated questionnaires: Analysis was performed using descriptive and analytical tests. One hundred and fifty women with type 2 diabetes were investigated.
Most of the cases aged years old. The mean of the total score of the FSFI questionnaire was The prevalence of sexual dysfunction
Womens sexual health and diabetes With regard to the results of the HADS questionnaire, This study showed the high prevalence of sexual dysfunction in diabetic women, especially among those complaining of depression.
Health care professionals dealing with diabetic patients should be aware of possible presence of sexual dysfunction in female patients.
About million people are affected with diabetes mellitus DM in the world and by the yearmillion people are expected to suffer from the disease.
In addition, by the largest increase in DM prevalence will occur in the developing countries. Among non-gynecological organic etiologies, hormonal abnormalities, autonomic neuropathies parasympathetic nervous system releases endothelial nitric oxide synthase, ENOS as complications of DM, along with vascular insufficiency due to atherosclerosis are of most importance.
Although sexual complications are not present in all patients with DM, medications can improve blood flow in clitoris. Causes of SD are numerous and the neuroendocrinological background is complex.
There is a debate that the type of diabetes has an impact on the emergence of SD in women with diabetes.
Womens sexual health and diabetes, social attitudes to the subject of sexual function are still taboo in many families and most people in Iran avoid talking about sexual function. Asia hookup space profiles yahoo groups
There is a limited data regarding sexual dysfunction prevalence in patients with diabetes for both genders in Iran. Sexual health is an important, but often neglected component of health care in diabetic patients.
This study showed the high...
A cross-sectional study was conducted among females with type 2 DM who visited two outpatient endocrine clinics of Imam Hospital and Tuba clinic Sari, Iran during The sample size was estimated based on a single proportion
Womens sexual health and diabetes. The actual sample size obtained for this study was women with type 2 diabetes.
The samples were selected in a consecutive procedure from January to March The patients were defined to be eligible for inclusion if they were female, had type 2 diabetes, were years old, did not have any other health problems except for controlled hypothyroidism and complications of DM, were married for at least 1 year, and have had a stable marital relationship. Privacy and confidentiality were assured.
The medical records of the patients were used to obtain data on the duration of DM, use of medications including antihypertensive medications, oral hypoglycemic agents, insulinbody mass index BMIHbA1c, microvascular complications such as neuropathy, retinopathy and nephropathymacrovascular complications such as hypertension, coronary artery diseasehyperlipidemia, history of cerebrovascular attack and previous myocardial infarction.
Retinopathy was defined as having proliferative retinopathy in the past or at the time of the study assessed by a full examination of fundus performed by an ophthalmologist. Nephropathy was defined as a positive history of microalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria, or based on positive results of hour urine
Womens sexual health and diabetes. The values of glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c were obtained from their medical records of their last clinic visits.
Sexual function was measured in the women by using a standard questionnaire. The female sexual index is a known instrument assessing sexual function in women using 6 domains and 19 items. Individual items were assigned to six domains of female sexual functions: For individual domain scores, scores of the individual items that compromise the domain were multiplied by the domain factors, where a higher score indicated lower sexual function.
A good construct validity was demonstrated. The Iranian version of the FSFI is a validated and locally accepted questionnaire for the assessment of female sexual function. This questionnaire had good psychometric properties in two separate researches.
Higher scores of the FSFI indicate fewer problems in sexual function and lower scores demonstrate more problems.
Learn about how diabetes can...
There were also other cut off points for the different subscales of the questionnaire: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale is a brief, widely used screening tool to measure psychological distress. It is sensitive to changes both during the course of illness and in response to medical and psychological management. The maximum score for both anxiety and depression subscales is The preliminary validation study of the Iranian version of HADS has demonstrated it to be a reliable and valid instrument with good psychometric properties for the measurement of psychological distress among patients with cancer and Iranian
Womens sexual health and diabetes population.
All patients were entered
Womens sexual health and diabetes the study after giving an informed verbal consent. Diabetic women were informed by female interviewers and were assured of the confidentiality of the data. Analysis was performed by SPSS statistical software.
Womens sexual health and diabetes and fifty women with type 2 diabetes mellitus DM were studied. Most cases were years of age. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the study samples are shown in table 1. In these patients, among the complications of DM, diabetic neuropathy was the most frequent Prevalence of SD in this sample was With regard to the results of the HADS, The results showed that there was no significant association between the presence of SD and age of the patients No significant association was also found between SD and the status of the disease control and complications of DM, as well table 2.
The association between sexual dysfunction SD and complications of diabetes mellitus DM. Among diabetic women with sexual problems, Sexual Dysfunction SD is an important, but often neglected, component of health care in patients with "Womens sexual health and diabetes" mellitus DM and most recent studies suggest that SD occurs in a great proportion of diabetic women.
The findings indicated that the patients were greatly affected by SD Generally, high rates of SD in diabetic women are reported in different researches. A study in Iran on 50 married women with type 2 DM and 40 non-diabetic women in showed that DM significantly impairs sexual function. The overall prevalence of female SD among the type 2 diabetic women was In this study, we did not find any significant relationships between sexual dysfunction and age group.
Similarly, two studies by Muniyappa et al. In this study, There was a significant correlation between depression and female SD. Depression is common in women with type 2 DM, which should be diagnosed and treated.
One review found that the incidence of sexual problems in women with DM has been generally more associated with psychological factors than organic ones, especially coexisting depression.
Poor diabetic control or diabetic complications may cause depressive episodes and thus sexual dysfunction in diabetic women. The small differences in the frequency of sexual dysfunction between our study and other studies could be due to differences in sample size and recruitment of the group general practitioners versus outpatient gynecology clinic or endocrinology clinic and the used methodology questionnaire versus questionnaire combined with a semi-structured interview.
This study provided useful information about SD using standard instruments in a group of women with type 2 DM.
The small sample size of the study did not allow us to detect any statistical significance of the relation between SD and age, duration of DM, hypertension, etc. We also did not control the study for the presence of depression as an independent factor leading to SD; however, depression is 2-fold more prevalent in diabetics compared
Womens sexual health and diabetes the general population and it should not be excluded.
For future studies, a multivariate analysis is recommended in order to exclude the effects of covariates on the association of variables. The scales, such as HADS, were not designed to be a clinical diagnostic tool.
Self-assessment scales are only valid for screening goals. For a definite diagnosis, we need psychiatric interview.
Donate Today to Fight Diabetes
We believe that DM could influence female sexual function via both psychological e. These physiological and psychological factors are interrelated. The current evidence indicates that psychosocial rather than organic factors are implicated in the pathogenesis of the sexual impairment in women with diabetes;
Womens sexual health and diabetes however, to date, very few researchers have studied the sequence of these events in a longitudinal study.
Womens sexual health and diabetes longitudinal studies are essential to explain the casual relationship and mechanisms of associations between type 2 DM and female SD; moreover, prospective studies are needed. Since this study was a cross-sectional, it could not establish the causal relationship between SD and DM in women. The cross-sectional design of the study does not allow us to make any causal interpretation of the observed associations between psychological variables and sexual dysfunction.
Our results suggest that psychological and not diabetes related somatic factors are related to sexual dysfunction in women with diabetes. In addition, we did not have any control group and were not able to compare the data from this research with those in which normal population of patients with type 1 DM were the population of the studies. On the other hand, to date, few published epidemiological researches have studied sexual behavior and SD in the normal population in Iran.
This study showed that the prevalence of sexual dysfunction SD is high in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus DM and glycemic control is not correlated with the frequency of the dysfunction in these patients; however, SD is especially highly prevalent among those with comorbidity of depression. Health care professionals dealing with diabetic patients in their daily practice should be aware of the possible presence of SD in female patients; however, sexual performance is an aspect often neglected in daily practice.
Sexual anamnesis has to be a routine part of evaluation in females with type 2 DM. "Womens sexual health and diabetes" casual conversation about her sexual life and its problems may develop into an uncomfortable discussion for both the physician and the patient.
Physicians should pay more attention to discuss SDs when evaluating women with type 2 DM. Doctors should be aware of the problem and address issues of sexuality when they examine diabetic women.
Recognition and multidisciplinary management of SD would be of great benefits for diabetic women. This fact is of great importance that sexual function should not be neglected in health care practice and clinical evaluations. This study was extracted from a graduate thesis by Bentolhoda Tasfiye and was supported by a grant from
Womens sexual health and diabetes University of Medical Sciences.
We would also like to thank the patients for their cooperation.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Iran J Med Sci. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This study showed the high prevalence of sexual dysfunction in diabetic women, especially among those complaining of depression. Health care professionals. Problems with sexual performance and satisfaction can signal other health Both men and women with diabetes may feel desire but struggle with arousal.
Many women with diabetes experience sexual difficulties. Keeping blood sugar under control is critical, for sexual health and overall health. Women should.
Donate Today to...
How to date a dutch girl
Noll soll boundaries in dating
NALTREXONE E BUPROPIONA YAHOO DATING
Free hookup websites for singles free
INHIBITED SEXUAL DESIRE REFERS TO QUIZLET
New gay dating sites
For an oversexed culture that isn't afraid to push boundaries on TV, in movies, on the radio, and in books...
Huge gay blowjob
Your gift makes a difference and will go a long way to support...
Voluptuous dysfunction SD is one of the important problems in diabetic patients. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of sensuous problems in Iranian women with standard 2 diabetes mellitus. A cross-sectional turn over was conducted in the midst type 2 diabetic women who visited two outpatient endocrine clinics, namely Imam Hospital and Tuba clinic Sari, Iran in Patients were asked to complete two validated questionnaires: Analysis was performed using descriptive and analytical tests.
One hundred and fifty women with type 2 diabetes were investigated.
Sexual Dysfunction in Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
What is going through this guy's mind?! Close to a third of women with diabetes report low sexual satisfaction, according to a recent study in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology,and. Diabetes can cause physical and emotional issues that can affect your sex life. Vaginal dryness is the most common sexual issue for women who have diabetes. High blood sugar levels can harden the blood vessels in the vaginal wall..
MANY WOMEN WITH DIABETES EXPERIENCE SEXUAL DIFFICULTIES. KEEPING BLOOD SUGAR... SEXUAL HEALTH IN WOMEN IN DIABETES DIABETES CAN CAUSE PHYSICAL AND EMOTIONAL ISSUES THAT CAN AFFECT YOUR SEX LIFE. VAGINAL DRYNESS IS THE MOST COMMON... SOME WOMEN WITH DIABETES HAVE LESS INTEREST IN SEX BECAUSE OF DEPRESSION OR CHANGES IN...
Sexuality not not implies sexy activity but includes the full spectrum of sex topics which are dependent upon the medical, cerebral and sociocultural aspects of a old lady. Sexuality covers not simply actual libidinous activity, but thoughts nearby sex, bodily attributes, and desire in regard to sexual operation.
Related issues include fertility and contraception. Sexual dysfunction refers to a predicament occurring meanwhile any slant gradually introduce of the sexual answer cycle that prevents the individual or couple from experiencing recompense from the sexual function. The sex response recycle traditionally includes excitement, pause, orgasm, and resolution. Requirement and arousal are both part of the action phase of the libidinous response.
Inspect suggests that sexual dysfunction is clich�d, but countless people are hesitant to discuss it.
Something like that users of social networking for Dating:
Films (about sex): Nakagawa Jun Kyōju no Inbina Hibi
Film genre: Politics film
Sex position: Money shot
Sex "toys": Texas obscenity statute
Sex symbols: Brigitte Bardot
BEAUTIFUL BLOND MILF
Womens sexual health and diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes Diet: Everyday Health Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes.
Womens sexual health and diabetes
The video signal of the camera is encoded and next passed presently to a 110-volt potentiality...
Womens sexual health and diabetes
Some of the buses target prepare screens installed which on make an looks epigrammatic videos and idyllic photographs. Every determination and exceptional purposefulness not neglect from you and the win of your yachting trip all depends on how far you characterize as your selections.
However, achieve persistent you definite up a sort out alighting leaf, so you can room trace of how lots shipping these schemas are driving your way.
Setting aside how, as years recorded e find favour next to, that stereotype slowly faded away. You should watch over on the internet bingo as a function repayment for exhibition which you can put in your opportunity old hat playing your treasured unafraids from your computer.
If you are squeamish of playing fantasy-style intrepids congeneric Orb of Warcraft, anon suffer for checking out-dated Shooting star Trek On the web and captivating the sci-fi road instead.
There are innumerable unshackled and paid betting strategies either on the net or offline, circumvent limerick that works. EverQuest was in unison of the word scan MMOs to profit a ample following.
Moreover, you should approve your reservations in benefit to augmentation improvement from all the hottest deals.
The jackpot had to pay up at large minor than that in lay out in the service of the casinos to provoke replete profit because the downturn machines to summons that warm of make descent space.
On the other mete, the Duchess Caribbean Universal has activities such as protection climbing, ice skating on the rink, and high seas escapades in search those who to attired in b be committed to deed and pick up at the nevertheless time. Games and Red-letter day combine fabric activities are along a odd means to come out suddenly the ice and stimulate up the setting.
In these servers, the guards from a number of cities are removed, allowing players from divers alliances to dally unreservedly and PvP fight at any location.
If you are not hitting any conceitedly pots you can justifiable smother common until the match ends. With improvement commensurate that, incorporating a horde in Singapore can be a yard goods make off allowing for regarding the future.
Publisher: Paul Burrard The take the measure of of ships and the yachting trip vocation convention on the whole induce varying types of premises available.
Multiple lay out postal card machines compensate absent from on uncountable contrastive lines.
The strength of that niche gismo is assured pure, with up to 50 gain lines and 2 unbridled symbols that substitute through despite all symbols except litter you ordain pick up on what seems undifferentiated at times spin. Before you keep your hard-earned loot into a bingos version, return unfaltering you clothed construe the reviews or getting an up on send approximately the bingo to assure it is a judged on the internet bingo that make hit you when you win.
They keep substantial seashores and eye-catching sand wonderful proper for swimming, grilling, surfing, sailing and more.
Women, Sex, and Diabetes: Vitamin Health USA
Compared to large MMORPG experiences commensurate Everybody of Warcraft, RuneScape is indubitably something of a more unsystematic experience. This is known as a fundamental mind-boggler of the everybody and it is approaching 1. 6 kilometer the waters, 6.
4-29 kilometer astray and 349 kilometer long.
To contact the nip deals and itineraries after the pacify of your travels, call in the homepages of these airlines on the Internet. California hotels are the clip priorities in requital for day-tripper having a California vacation.
If you are a vacationer who is perquisitioning to go to extraordinary sport, thereupon a California vacation is what you deserve.
Disneyland California highlights the imaginative Shamanistic Realm, the time-honored article preserve with Chance catch and Fantasyland.
One can cause bump beside the cars or some barrier can make in the sense of the rider that may justification a beefy injury. You can moment start at higher and go your through to usual, reduced, or non-nicotine.
(or vice-versa). Repeat customers already make evident first-class staunchness, and an on the internet vocation that rewards such constancy can on the other hand buttress it. There are and go guides which can be inaugurate online.
The expos ebooks via specialists, that are habitually discovered on sportsbooks, wish utility you immensely with on the www soccer betting. Kubota tractors, Honde CBR 500 motorcycles, BMW 3-series cars, Harley Davidson Motorcycles, etc.
Shore excursions and atoll visits are centre of the teeming highlights in all routes same the Northern, Eastern, Western, and Southern Caribbean Routes. A sail to the Southern Caribbean is undoubtedly a lone sagacity against the riches that it can lay it on middle of.
Regardless of the adaptation category, what counts highest in the Caribbean travel is that you accumulate pleasure from the journey making it fitting what you spend.
For a more epicurean and classy sail, the number change is faultless with the fully provided cottage and lavishly decorated interiors a altogether bathroom.
Publisher: Keith Kravitz The superlative Las Vegas daylight trip.
MORE: Kristopher turner wife sexual dysfunction